Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Operations Management Essay - 3497 Words

Introduction (â€Å"The purpose of this paper is to†¦.. by †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦with recommendations†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ) The purpose of this paper is to raise productivity and profitability at the Portland Plant by improving upon performance objectives with recommendations on forecasting methods, process layout, appropriate technology, production approach, inventory approach, and a quality approach with tools to manage, measure, and assess quality. Analysis Operations Strategy and Performance TIMELINE: After being informed by HP of a curling problem with ink-jet paper in 1996, Portland Plant began formulating a new coating for their ink-jet papers. From then until Spring 1998 they were able to curb the curling issues. However in 1997 production speed issues†¦show more content†¦Improving efficiency and quality is a concern not only of managers and technical experts but also of all employees. * A clear result of responding to a dynamic environment is that organization change their products and services and changes the way they do business. * Low price is a universal attractive objective to customers, which can be achieved by producing goods at lower costs. (Polar Representation diagram here) Operations Design The Portland Plant used a continuous process and inputs that included transformed and transforming resources. The Plant is a manufacturing company that uses mostly continuous processes. A continuous process operates a t a high volume and low variety. The Portland Plant specialized in precision coated papers for ink-jet printers (Slack, 2007). This required a tighter production specification (Slack, 2007). Which means its processes operate relatively inflexible and highly predictable (Slack, Chambers and Johnston, 2010, p. 93). The inputs of the operations at the Portland Plant for Rexam Graphics include materials, customers, facilities, employees, and information (Slack et al., 2010; Slack, 2007). Transformed resources include materials, customers, and information. Materials includes all resources used in producing their products including the paper resources, coating chemicals, etc., which includes theShow MoreRelatedOperations Management : Operation Management1355 Words   |  6 PagesOperations Management Introduction Operations management is the activity of managing the resources that create and deliver services and products. The operations function is the part of the organization that is responsible for this activity. Every organization has an operations function because every organization creates some type of services and/or products. However, not all types of organization will necessarily call the operations function by this name. Operations managers are the people who haveRead MoreOperation Management - Cadburyworld2493 Words   |  10 Pagestechnology to streamline the operation process) and facility costs (old and outdated facilities) at lowest possible. In return, they have to compromise low costs with their other objectives. The unskilled staffs and outdated facilities are compromised with the quality in the core process. For example, the brief video (facility) in the packaging plant is outdated and requires commentary notes from some guides. However, the unskilled guides are not familiar with the operations so they need to read fromRead MoreOperation Management And Operations Management2148 Words   |  9 PagesOperation management Introduction Being an operations manager is not an easy task, it involves good control and responsibilities for the major activities within the organisations in order to achieve goals that might be in form of services or in form of goods. The operation management roles may be different from business to business depending on the size and resources available, each organisation has its own operations functions, and in order to produces goods or services they have to convert theRead MoreImportance Of Production And Operations Management2317 Words   |  10 Pagesthe production and operation of enterprises. In order to remain competitive, companies in different countries have different factors of competitive advantage. A clear competitive advantage is the key to gain success in production and operation management. An effective operations management is the foundation of enterprise competitive advantage and the fundamental guarantee to realize corporate strategy. This essay deals with the importance of production and operations management in the enterprise,Read MoreOperations Management : Operation Management Essay2171 Words   |  9 PagesOperation Management Operations administration concentrates on precisely dealing with the procedures to create and circulate items and administrations. Operations administration is the procedure, which joins and changes different assets utilized as a part of the creation/operations subsystem of the association into quality included item/benefits in a controlled way according to the arrangements of the association. In this way, it is that part of an association, which is worried with the changeRead MoreOperation Management2751 Words   |  12 PagesTABLE OF CONTENTS 1. OPERATION MANAGEMENT 3 1.1. DEFINITION OF OPERATION MANAGEMENT 3 1.2. THE ROLE OF OPERATION MANAGER 3 1.3. RELATIONSHIP OF OPERATION MANAGEMENT WITH OTHER CORE FUNCTIONS 3 2. CASE STUDIES 3 2.1. HEATHROW INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 3 2.2. NESTLÉ UK CHOCOLATE FACTORY 3 3. MAJOR UNDERSTANDINGS OF THE STUDY 3 4. CONCLUSIONS 3 REFERENCES 3 1. Operation Management For the success of an organization, the management crew plays a major role. An organizational structure is based on differentRead MoreOperations Management986 Words   |  4 PagesOPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Select two organisations that you are familiar with – one with a service output and one with a product output, and compare and contrast these organisations with respect to the following aspects: 1.1 The process of transformation of inputs to outputs 1.2 Process and Capacity design 1.3 Supply Chain management 1.4 Scheduling Operations Management refers to the management of the production system that transforms inputs into finished goods and services, (http://csuponomaRead MoreOperation Management2436 Words   |  10 PagesOPERATION MANAGEMENT IS IMPORTANT TO ALL BUSINESS To be able produce specialized managers capable of fulfilling strategic tasks within business and government enterprises the need for the practice of operations management cannot be forgone. Operations management is very significant in business operations since it forms the heart of the organisation by controlling the system of operation. Operations management deals with the design, operation, and enhancement of the systems that generate and deliverRead MoreOperations Management Chapter 18 Manual1950 Words   |  8 PagesChApter 18 Management of Waiting Lines Teaching Notes Some of the math and calculations can be left out in order to focus more clearly on the concepts of waiting lines. For example, all infinite source problems, including single channel (except constant service time) can be handled using the infinite source queuing table. In the past, queuing presented students with a good bit of computational requirements, and because of that, students frequently lost sight of the underlying concepts. WithRead MoreOperations Management1791 Words   |  8 PagesQUESTION 1 Operations management must be managed properly in order to improve an organization’s productivity and profitability. In the Cadbury World case, several micro and macro processes are involved and those processes bring some impacts to Cadbury World. Thus, Cadbury World must possess a sustainable micro and macro processes to achieve the best outcome and performance. Micro processes that involved are easily to manage compared to macro processes because macro processes are hard to manage

Monday, December 23, 2019

Illegal Immigrants in America Essay - 1001 Words

Illegal Immigration in America Illegal immigration has caused a lot of controversy within the United States. The media has influenced our society to make us believe that illegal immigrants are horrible people. One thing that I have learned throughout life is, â€Å"Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains (Rousseau 4).† This sums up how society dictates our lives and limits us to what the media wants to us to believe. Whether it is legal or illegal, everybody should be treated equally. Illegal immigrants might always end up with the short end of the stick, but they heavily support the US economy. They contribute by paying taxes every year. In addition, they adopt difficult low wage jobs that are not of interest to the average American.†¦show more content†¦Since America is a capitalist society, the objective of life is to make as much money as possible. When the government collects immigrant’s money, that money gets redistributed into the economy for other people to earn. In this rec ession the US needs to continuously put money into the economy and illegal immigrants help with that. The US labor force would not survive if it was not for illegal immigrants. If there were no illegal immigrants our labor force would decrease by four percent (Isidore 5). â€Å"We could not have grown as much as we did in the 1990s if we did not have immigrants†¦ our growth would have been slower (Isidore 5).† Having illegal immigrants in our labor force increases the amount of resources we have, which increases the amount of production in the country. â€Å"Some economists discuss that not only do U.S. consumers benefit from lower prices as an outcome of the low wages most immigrants are paid, but that the convenience of lower-wage labor helps create more work for higher-skilled, higher-paid workers who are generally born in the US (Isidore 14).† Illegal immigrants are opening up higher wage jobs, because they take over the lower wage jobs. Many immigrants take jobs in the field of construction, agricultureShow MoreRelatedIllegal Immigrants In America Have Contrib uted Massively1352 Words   |  6 PagesIllegal immigrants in America have contributed massively to the Economy and researchers have facts and evidence to back up their finding. For the most part many people are not educated enough about the concept illegal immigrants or don’t bother to look for the fact about illegal immigrants. Their contribution to the economy is very productive, according to the institute on taxation and economy: Collectively, undocumented immigrants in the United States pay an estimated total of $11.74 billion inRead MoreEffects of Illegal Immigrants from Mexico on America Essay876 Words   |  4 PagesToday, there are about 11.7 million immigrants living in the US illegally, and that number has been at a steady incline over the years. As a desperate escape from their harsh realities at home, many go the illegal route due to our lengthy and expensive citizenship process. Illegal immigrants come to America for numerous reasons, and impact Americans in m any ways; it is time that a solution is made to resolve this issue. Immigrants come from all around the world to escape problems in their homeRead MoreAmerica, Can We Survive Without Illegal Immigrants? Essay1776 Words   |  8 PagesAmerica, Can We Survive Without Illegal Immigrants? In a country founded by immigrants and open for immigrants who seek freedom, protection from persecution or violence, today we struggle to accept that illegal immigrants who strive to provide a fulfilling life for themselves and their families are turned away and often deported back to their country. The question to ask is without the illegal immigrants here in America, can our economy truly survive without them? The answer quite simply is noRead MoreThe Issue of Illegal Immigration in the US1087 Words   |  5 Pagesthat there is a problem with illegal immigration. Everyday many illegal immigrants cross the borders. There are between twelve and twenty million illegal immigrants in America. (â€Å"Scary Immigration Statistics† 1) The U.S. should make all illegal immigrants register or deport them to their original countries. The U.S. should also make a program so that the immigrants can get a license for legality. If the immigrants do not want to cooperate, then they canno t be in America. The government spends billionsRead MoreIllegal Immigration And The United States1589 Words   |  7 PagesBetween the years of 1950-1995, why were so many illegal immigrants crossing the American borders and how did they affect America? Part A: This investigation will be looking into the lifestyles that illegal immigrants had between the years of 1950 and 1995 once they had crossed the US border. I will also be investigating how they affected the US. It is important to know because it will make people become more aware of how serious immigration can be to America. I will be examining the number of terroristRead MoreThe Dream Act Of The United States891 Words   |  4 PagesPeople in America Should be More Respectful to the Illegal Immigrants DREAM Act. Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2016. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 5 Apr. 2016. The Dream Act is on foreign immigrants that want to have the opportunity to come to America for a better education. Discussing the Dream Act’s history background and how it is affecting people in today’s society. According to â€Å"Dream Act† states, â€Å"In the following years, however, a rising number of statesRead MoreEssay about Illegal Immigration in the United States932 Words   |  4 PagesIllegal immigration in the US is and has been an ongoing battle for many years. According to legal-dictionary an illegal immigrant is define as an alien (non-citizen) who has entered the united sates without government permission or stayed beyond the termination date of a visa. There are many problems that occur such as overpopulation, raising crime rates and unemployment. Some Americans have issues with illegal immigration and some do not. Those with the issues are concerned about illegal immigrantsRead Moreillegal immigrant workers should be granted legal status1 347 Words   |  6 PagesSupport one position on â€Å"illegal immigrant workers should be granted legal status† For the past 120 years- â€Å"between 1891 and 1920- [America has] received some 18 million men, women and children from other nations† (Bush 554) and causes one of the serious problem in the society. Therefore, immigration reform has been intensely debate among the citizen due to illegal immigrant issues that have become prevalent in United States. However, validating the illegal immigrant workers status should be consideredRead MoreIllegal Immigrants And The United States Essay1594 Words   |  7 Pages Every year numerous legal and illegal immigrants originate to the United States. From all around a world, individuals want to arise toward America for an improved existence for them and their families. America is a freedom-oriented country, where everybody has right how to live their life in their own conditions. I myself, I remain immigrant as well. I came to U.S.A. 5 years ago. American culture remains actual diverse somewhat from other cultures. In this country, we all get the liberty to liveRead MoreThe Official Definition Of Illegal Is â€Å"Contrary To Or Forbidden1517 Words   |  7 PagesThe official definition of illegal is â€Å"contrary to or forbidden by law†. The definition of an Immigrant is â€Å"an individual who comes to live permanently in a foreign country†. Therefore Illegal Immigrants are foreigners who enter another country, the United States of America, without a Visa. They cross the border by avoiding inspection and overstay the allotted period of time allowed as a visitor, tourist, or businessperson. There are 12 million illegal immigrants in America today. How is the possible

Sunday, December 15, 2019

Scholarly Article Search Free Essays

This is an article that is concerned with intervention approaches for the younger population that have problems with alcohol abuse. It describes the gravity of the situation by reporting the huge number of adolescents who have a problem with alcohol and substance abuse. Thus, it reports that â€Å"[i]n 2002, an estimated 10. We will write a custom essay sample on Scholarly Article Search or any similar topic only for you Order Now 7 million American youths, 28. 8% of total youths 12–20 years old, were current drinkers. † The article determined current drinkers by using the criterion that the person â€Å"consumed at least one drink in the past 30 days† (Society for the Study of Addiction, 2004). The gravity of the problem is underscored by the huge part of the statistics to belong to binge and heavy drinkers. The â€Å"US National Survey on Drug Use and Health in 2002† estimated that 7. 2 million adolescents are binge drinkers, while 2. 3 million adolescents are heavy drinkers. Heavy drinkers are those who consumed more than four drinks in five different days in the past 30 days. The staggering figures lead to the conclusion that there is serious public health problem among the youth with respect to their alcohol consumption. This problem extends to serious behavioral disorders resulting from alcohol consumption, such as alcoholism. The problem is even more serious because disorders that are related to alcohol abuse are likely to become â€Å"chronic and to persist into adulthood† (Society for the Study of Addiction, 2004). The problem with adolescent alcohol abuse has led to the development of various treatments, both in the private and public healthcare systems. These treatments often range from adolescent to adult care. However, treatment cares often result in relapse in 50-70 percent of affected adolescents. Therefore, there is a need for systematic approaches that are tailored to meet the specific needs and limitations of the target population, which is the youth (Society for the Study of Addiction, 2004). Treatments require appropriate diagnostic criteria in assessing alcohol use patterns of adolescents. Moreover, there is a need to develop a framework within which â€Å"alcohol-related pathology† could be accounted for in the adolescent stage of a person’s life (Society for the Study of Addiction, 2004). The article likewise cites Liddle (2004), who reviewed therapies involving the family of the adolescent who has problems in alcohol and drug abuse. There are suggestions to develop â€Å"adolescent focused, family-based therapies for substance abuse† (Society for the Study of Addiction, 2004). Family-based therapies are believed to be effective for the helpful recovery of alcohol-dependent adolescent. Family-based therapies often analyze â€Å"videotaped in-therapy sessions. Such records help in the identification of problems and issues, and serve as bases for change and treatment (Society for the Study of Addiction, 2004). This article is useful because it points out how important it is to first determine the extent of the problem before attempting to solve it. In the case of alcoholic adolescents, there is a need to first know the needs and limitations of each person and proceed from there. Intervention strategies, such as family-based therapies, should factor in such details in order to be effective. Videotaped therapy sessions are also helpful because they allow all stakeholders, such as the alcohol-dependent person, his family, and the therapist, to have a clear perspective of the situation, through observation from a different angle. Finally, family members could be effective in helping adolescent alcohol dependents by providing moral support. How to cite Scholarly Article Search, Papers

Saturday, December 7, 2019

Analysis of High Court Decision ACCC vs. TPG

Question: The sequence of court hearings The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) brought proceedings against internet provider TPG because of an advertising campaign for internet services TPG had been conducting. Initially, the proceedings were heard by a single judge, who is referred to in the judgment as "the primary judge". ACCC was largely successful against TPG in those proceedings. TPG, having lost the case before the primary judge, appealed to three judges, referred to in the judgment as the Full Court". That court largely disagreed with the conclusions of the primary judge and set aside his decision. In effect, TPG won its appeal to the Full Court. This left ACCC as the loser. It appealed to the High Court, which disagreed with the conclusions of the Full Court in favour of TPG and essentially reinstated the decision made by the primary charge in favour of ACCC.The judgment you are reading, and to which the assignment questions relate, is the judgment of the High Cour t only. However, to enable the "ratio" of its decision to be understood, the High Court includes in its judgment summaries of the reasons which the primary judge and the Full Court gave in coming to their respective (and contradictory) decisions.1. Briefly describe the nature of TPGs advertising which caused ACCC to bring these proceedings2. What statutory provisions did ACCC allege that TPGs advertising contravened 3. What were the findings (conclusions) of the primary judge about the following aspects of the advertising bundling. the set up fee. single price.4. What were the differences in principle between the approach of the Full Court and the approach of the primary judge in evaluating whether the TPG advertising was misleading?5. The High Court concluded that the approach taken by the Full Court was not correct. For what reason or reasons did the High Court come to this conclusion?6. The Full Court, in coming to its conclusions, applied as a precedent the ratio in a case calle dParkdale Custom Built Furniture v Puxu (Puxu). The High Court said that the Full Court wrongly applied the principle in Puxu. Explain why the High Court thought Puxu was not a proper precedent to apply to the TPG advertising. 7. What did the High Court have to say about the dominant message approach? 8. What did the High Court say about the assumed level of knowledge in TPGs target audience?9. Is an intention to mislead essential for advertising to be misleading? Explain what the High Court thought about this 10. If you were employed in the marketing section of an internet service provider or a fitness centre which was about to launch an advertising campaign promoting an attractive plan for membership in which there were several parts (costs and benefits) to be taken into account by potential customers, what advice would you give about the format of the advertising, based on your understanding of the High Courts ruling in ACCC v TPG? Answers: 1. The TGP had taken the multimedia advertisement as a tool promotes its broadband service. The main issue raised by ACCC against TGP was the misleading nature of an advertisement. The company had prominently emphasized that it would provide broadband service for $29.99 per month using landline medium. However in with less emphasis the other condition were attached like compulsory using of TGP landline connection with some fees, some set up charges and deposits. ACCCs was at view that TGP had breached section 53C (1) by not showing total price of service prominently.2. ACCC has alleged TPG based on contravention section 52 and some 53c (1) , which specifically prohibits any person to engage in any activity that is in deceptive nature and promote the services or goods which is misleading in nature.3. Findings of Primary JudgeBundling- The primary judge had found that the advertisement was specifically targeted to new users of broadband. And the prominent words of an advertisement wer e Unlimited ADSL2+ for $29.99 per month which apparently not gives an understanding that any other charges would be there. The primary judge concluded that the way of advertisement leaves an ordinary man with message that the entire costing of the service was $29.99 and nothing more. However it was the case, other set up cost and deposited and fixed charges of $30 were there and hence the advertisement was in false and misleading nature resulting in contravention of Section 53.The Set up FeeThe judge concluded that generally set fee for broadband changed for contract less than 24 month, however the new consumer was not sufficiently provided information for this set up fees. The judge found from investigation that none of the targeted was aware about the set up fees attached with the offer and hence the TPG was unable to disclose the fair and full information to targeted consumer. Single PriceThe total cost of the service was more than $29.99 which was disclosed prominently as a single price. The other cost like set up cost of $20, Usage charge of landline service of $ 30 and $20 deposited and others. The total price of $ 509.89 for service was not disclosed clearly as single price.4. It is to be noted that the difference of an opinion between Full court and the primary court was of difference in approach of interpreting principals. The Full court had taken view that the targeted audience was not mislead because the past data shows people were not more interested in landline service and hence targeted audience were in state of non-interest, Further the full court had held that the Prominent message which was one of the criteria to give judgment against AGP, should be construed in the terms of misleading, the term dominate message cannot overrule the fact that the whole advertisement should be read carefully. The Full court said that the strict provision of thi s act cannot extend where person is not able to take care reasonably to read the advertisement by applying case of Miller Associates Insurance Broking Pty Ltd v BMW Australia Finance Ltd.5. The High court held that full courts is failed to consider the term Prominent Message , as the case of Miller Associates Insurance Broking Pty Ltd v BMW Australia Finance Ltd was opt applicable in existing case because of non existence of decisive factor. Also High court said the fact that the targeted peoples knowledge regarding bundled service in this industry does not affect the misleading nature of the advertisement. The full court had taken the knowledge of targeted consumer regarding offering of bundled service but the high court had declined the content and base of the Full court.6. Following are the three main reason based on which High court said the applied case of Puxu was not proper in TPG advertisement.(1) It is to be noted that the position of the targeted audience in both case we re different , in case of Puxu the audience visiting the showroom , had substantial mind and intention of purchase of the product . However this was not case in TPG, the targeted audience in same case was in general just to draw the attention of the Customer and making them interested in product. The fact of the both case of was different(2) Also as per high court explanation the full court had failed to recognize the fact that the main purpose of the advertisement was to drag consumers in negotiation with TGP against the competitor by showing misleading message or advertisement prominently. However in the case of Puxu , the main intention was to induce customer only to enter into contract only(3) The fact that the consumer should take reasonable care before entering into contracts cannot be interpreted as protection when the whole intention of the advertisement was to mislead the consumer or showing erroneous message. Here the High court found that in case of Puxu it was not the ca se. Here the advertisement was taken as medium to draw the attention of the consumer by misleading message which cannot be protected by the fact that they should take care reasonably.7. The high court had said that the Dominant message interpreted by the primary court was reasonable as the Full court had wrongly applied the case of Puxu. It is to be noted that the fact of taking reasonable care by customer cannot be used as protection when the Prominent message apparently misleading the consumers. The full court given the Judgment based on argument that it was responsibility of the customer to check full advertisement carefully and then relying on this, and same had been pronounced by applying Puxu case. But High court had taken a view that the Prominent message is given by Company was found to attract new customer for bargaining with customer in oppose to customer, which shows clear intention to draw wrong attention of the customer by not disclosing all the information apparently d ominantly. 8. The high court had said that the fact that the advertise was misleading could not be ignored with assumption of full court that consumer who was reading the advertisement had knowledge of bundled pricing of the product. The Full court had taken a view that the targeted audience must ne know to the nature of advertisement prevailing in this industry , like bundle pricing in Internet service provider are common now and hence it could not be concluded advertisement is misleading. But high court had overruled Full courts view of this Audience Knowledges theory application and pronounced Once the advertisement was in nature of misleading, same was said to be contravene the provision of Section 53 of the relevant Act9. The court thought it said that the way in which advertisement was published by TPG could not be said that it had produce all the element of offer fairly. The court said that though the direct intention of the TGP was not to mislead the consumer but as the intention to emp hasize of most favorable offer was there. Suppressing the other facts out of main heading. The companys headlines strategy reveals the companys intention to draw attention with incomplete information was misleading.10. Based on the ACCC vs. TPG case, I advice following thing to my company as marketing guy while marketing the product.a. Quoting of total Cost as single figure including all other attached costb. All other element of offers must be stated fairly with an advertisement in prominent manner.c. The targeted audience should be determined first and company can also give declaimer for that in advertisement itself to avoid dispute